BIBLIOGRAPHIC TREATMENT OF MUSIC SCORES
AND SOUND RECORDINGS AT THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF NORWAY
of Bibliographic Services Department)
One Library, Two Divisions
National Library of Norway is divided into two Divisions 1,000
kilometres apart, at Oslo and Rana. These two divisions have the common
interest of sharing the library’s music scores and sound material with
its user groups. The main responsibility of the Rana Division is to
collect, store and preserve sound material, including broadcasts, and to
present examples of our cultural heritage to the general public. (1)
main responsibility of the Oslo Division is to give researchers, as well
as the “man in the street”, access to the material in the
library’s collections. The National Music Collection (see http://www.nb.no/html/norsk_musikksamling.html)
is the largest and most comprehensive music library in Norway,and offers
reference facilities and loan services to both individual and
institutional users. (2)
music by nature is international, there is a need to supplement the
national collections with relevant, foreign works on music. Also,
works related to Norwegian music or music published abroad by Norwegian
composers or performers (norvegica extranea) are given priority.
bulk of the material held by the National Library of Norway is collected
under the provision of Norway’s legal deposit act (see http://www.pliktavlevering.no/html/legal_deposit.html).
The legal deposit of printed material including sheet music is the
responsibility of the Rana Division, whereas legal deposit of sound
recordings (mainly CDs) is the responsibility of the Oslo Division. To
obtain the music material it is necessary to monitor a variety of
sources, such as music magazines and web pages. It is a demanding task
to trace the numerous music publishers, inform them of their obligations
to send material to the National Library and to ensure that contact is
established and maintained even when information officers move on to
other fields of work or there are changes in the ownership of the
various institutions and record companies. The National Library does not
have the resources to monitor the market as closely as we would wish.
During the last few years, however, more effort has been put into
identifying publishers of contemporary genres. This effort has proved
effective: we now receive more contemporary music than before.
Norwegian ISMN Agency (see http://www.nb.no/html/ismn_eng.html)
is also a valuable resource for identifying music publishers and their
productions. The agency was established in 1996 and is situated at the
National Library of Norway, Oslo Division. The ISMN system in Norway was
introduced in close co-operation with the music publishers and the
system is therefore widely used and appreciated by the producers. In
addition to assigning international standard music numbers to Norwegian
music publishers, the agency produces a directory of all publishers who
participate in the ISMN service (see http://www.nb.no/baser/ismnforlag/english.html).
This directory is included in the Music Publishers' International
ISMN Directory, published by the International ISMN Agency in Berlin.
Cataloguing Activities and Relevant
is the responsibility of both divisions to catalogue the material in
their respective collections. Both divisions participate in the shared
library system BIBSYS (http://wgate.bibsys.no/search/pub?lang=E).
The Oslo Division acts as a centre of excellence for cataloguing,
indexing, library classification and bibliographic formats, and is
responsible for maintaining national codes, formats and guidelines in
this field. The division is hence responsible for the Norwegian national
bibliography, and offers a wide range of bibliographic services and
products, some of which are mentioned below. The cataloguing principles
are according to Norwegian rules, which since 1984 have been based on
the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR 2). Non-Latin scripts are
transcribed partly according to the Library of Congress system and
partly according to ISO standards. All the databases mentioned below are
available on the Internet and accessible via Z39.50.
is great need to include older material, which for the time being is
only available via card catalogues at the library, in our electronic
catalogue and various databases. Retrospective conversion of
monographs and serials is being carried out. Later stages of the
conversion programme will comprise music material, thus increasing the
availability and use of our musical heritage.
Norwegian National Discography – Nordisko – contains references to
some 10,000 sound discs (phonograph records, CDs and audio cassettes)
published in Norway. The bulk of the material has been published from
1990 to date. Most of the sound recordings are published in Norway, but
the database also covers sound recordings published abroad featuring
Norwegian music and Norwegian artists or composers. Nordisko offers a
variety of entry points such as words from title, notes fields or
series, country of origin, names of persons, publishers, institutions,
groups or orchestras, ISRC, ISBN and matrix number. All the records can
be found in the library’s collection. The level of detail in
description is relatively great, as can be seen from the example below:
for kids [lydopptak]. 3 / [satt sammen av: Kjell Petter Askersrud]. -
[Oslo] : Universal , 2000 - 1 plate (1 t, 13 min) : digital ; 12 cm
Finnes også som MC: 541765-4
Innhold: Larger than life / Max Martin, Kristian Lundin, Brian Littrell
(Backstreet Boys). Cartoon heroes / Søren Rasted, Claus Norreen (Aqua).
Fiesta de la noche : fiesta radio edit / Rosani Reis ... et al. (Yamboo).
Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (a man after midnight) / Benny Andersson, Björn
Ulväus (A-Teens). Kiss (when the sun don't shine) / Danski & D.J.
Delmundo (Vengaboys). Blue (Da ba dee) / Maurizio Lobina, Corey Randone,
Massimo Gabutti (Eiffel 65). Dear Jessie / Madonna, Patrick Leonard (Rollergirl).
Heut' ist mein Tag / Hilbert, Pape, Paralyzer (Blümchen). Slam dunk da
funk / Denniz Pop ... et al. (Five). (You drive me) crazy / Jörgen
Elofsson ... et al. (Britney Spears). Nothing good about goodbye /
Phoenix Stone ... et al. (P. Stone). Mickey / Nicky Chinn, Mike Chapman
(Lolly). My heart goes boom / Tore Madsen, Morten Henriksen (Charmed).
Best friend / Toy-Box, Golden Child (Toy-Box). Mambo. No. 5 / Pérez
Prado, Lou Bega (L. Bega). Mahna mahna / Piero Umiliani (Mr. Mo). Hard
knock life : ghetto anthem / S. Carter ... et al. (Jay-Z). (Mucho mambo)
sway / Gimbel, Ruiz (Shaft). All I really want / G. Boretti ... et al.
(Kim Lucas). Unforgivable sinner / Lene Marlin Pedersen (L.M. Pedersen)
Norwegian National Bibliography of Printed Music—Nornoter—contains
references to some 24,000 music scores published in Norway from 1981 to
date. Although a retrospective conversion programme for music is still
in its early planning stages, some sheet music dating back to 1850-60
has been included. While most of the scores are published in Norway,
some scores by Norwegian composers or artists published abroad are
included. The database contains search fields such as name of person or
composer, word search, search by Dewey number, ISMN, issue or plate
number. All the scores referred to can be found in the library’s
collection. In addition, Nornoter offers location codes for some sixty
Norwegian libraries with music collections.
Da pacem, Domine [musikktrykk] : for fløyte (obo), 2 trompeter, 2
tromboner, resitasjon, orgel og menighet / Sigvald Tveit. - Stavanger :
Cantando , cop. 2002 - 1 partitur (14 s.) ; 30 cm. - Ed. C-0951 (Cantando
instrumental). - (782.525)
Edisjonsnummer: C-0951. -
search in Nornoter:
song index, with its more than 50,000 references to songs published in
music scores and songbooks, is an increasingly popular service with both
professional librarians and end users. Most of the material analysed
dates from the early 1980s to present date, but older material is also
added to a certain extent. Search facilities include words from title,
first line of first verse and chorus, name of composer, author,
collector, and translator. Further search linking to host documents in
Nornoter is possible.
Liebespredigt : Love-voices
line: Was singet und sagt ihr mir : Sweet birdie, of What are you : Hva
Person/music: Kjerulf, Halfdan
Person/text: Rückert, Fr.; Marzials, T.
bibliographic description from the NORNOTER database
Utvalg. Engelsk & tysk]
Halfdan Kjerulf's album of songs [musikktrykk] / translation by T.
Marzials. - London : Lucas , [19-?] - 1 partitur (82 s.) ; 27 cm. - Ed.
S.L.W.& Co.1811 (783.25542)
Platenummer: S.L.W.& Co.1811. - Ukomplett
Norwegian Union Catalogue of Printed Music—Samnoter—was established
in 1990 and contains approximately 170,000 music scores found in some
sixty Norwegian libraries with music collections. The database contains
sheet music published in Norway or abroad located in member institutions
such as the National Library of Norway, university and college libraries,
the music conservatories and some larger public libraries. The bulk of
the material is published after 1960 though there is no restriction as
to date of publication. The search fields are identical to those
described under Nornoter, but one should bear in mind that in a union
catalogue the data is not 100% consistent and duplication may occur.
this paper I have sought to give a brief overview of the bibliographic
situation pertaining to music material. I have concentrated on a few,
but important databases for librarians as well as for researchers and
end users. Music material is of course included in many of our
catalogues, bibliographies and databases. On the other hand we have not
yet been able to present all our catalogues on the Internet. Quite a few
of our collections, are in a bibliographic context, hidden treasures,
accessible to the public only via an intermediary. The two divisions
have today some overlapping functions, and bibliographic data is
duplicated to some extent. We hope that the organizational changes that
will take place in the near future, supplemented by the forthcoming
bibliographic plan, will further streamline the bibliographic work and
offer even better services to our users.
Unni Knutsen has been a librarian since 1980, and has worked in
both public and academic libraries. She has devoted most of her career
to bibliographic issues. Thus she has been Head of the Bibliographic
Services Department of the University of Oslo Library (now National
Library of Norway, Oslo Division) since 1998. Her work there
includes having administrative responsibility for the Norwegian
National Bibliography, the Norwegian Union Catalogue, retrospective
and current cataloguing, development and publication of bibliographic
services, standards, and tools for the library community in Norway.
She is currently serving her second period on the Bibliographic
Section of IFLA.
See the article by Trond Valberg elsewhere in this issue.
See the article by Jorid Nordal Baumann and Inger Johanne
Christiansen elsewhere in this issue.